The health care industry is notoriously rife with ethical lapses, but it’s not uncommon for some people to find a way around the system.
A new report from the International Monetary Fund highlights the ways in which the healthcare industry can still be lucrative for some of the poorest people in the world.
In the report, titled ‘Hospitals: Where the Profit is’, the IMF says that “hospitals are still largely inaccessible for the less well-off”.
It points out that hospitals and health clinics are often not equipped to provide adequate care for the majority of the population, with a higher proportion of people in poor countries requiring expensive medicines.
“Despite the challenges facing healthcare in poor and middle-income countries, healthcare systems continue to thrive,” the report says.
“As a result, the poorest in the poorest countries are increasingly accessing healthcare services at a cost that exceeds the average for the developed world.”
It points to a “growing global shortage of healthcare professionals” that has led to a shortage of staff and medicines in some countries, including in places like the US, which has one of the highest death rates for doctors.
The report notes that this is a situation “which makes healthcare inaccessible to many people in poorer countries and has consequences for both health systems and society overall”.
The report highlights that some of these shortages are exacerbated by a “high number of countries lacking a system of accountability and monitoring”, and that “many countries have little or no independent monitoring and reporting mechanisms to ensure that quality and safety of care are maintained”.
The report also notes that while the healthcare system “provides universal access to quality and safe healthcare”, many of the patients it treats are also poor, “in some cases because of economic, social or political factors”.
“While some countries are providing better access for low-income people, many are still unable to provide access to high-quality healthcare to the majority,” the IMF report states.
“The poor in the United States and Canada face a high number of health systems with limited access to healthcare, such as the federal system, and the U.S. health system is still failing the poor, especially the poorest Americans.”
A report from Doctors Without Borders found that hospitals in developing countries are also often run by people with little or none of the health-care skills necessary to provide quality care.
The organisation found that “a significant portion of medical staff working in the medical sector in sub-Saharan Africa lack basic knowledge of basic healthcare skills, such a knowledge of infection control, basic hospital protocols and standardised testing methods.”
In the wake of the devastating earthquake in Nepal, where an estimated 500,000 people were killed and millions were forced to flee their homes, some governments and aid agencies have begun offering incentives to private healthcare providers to help them provide high-level health services to their communities.
But while the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals aim to provide free or reduced-cost healthcare to all, this has often been seen as a luxury for some in poorer nations.
This has led some countries to push back against this pushback by setting up their own healthcare systems.
In Kenya, for instance, the health system was overhauled and privatised in 2016 to ensure better access to health services for the country’s poor.
“This move was seen as an attempt to give back to the people and to get better services for them and improve their health,” Dr. Rafi Mwendoza, Kenya’s Health Minister, said in 2016.
“We are in a situation now where a lot of the resources are allocated to providing healthcare to a certain segment of the country.”
Another case study from the report was in the Philippines, where the country is facing its worst-ever drought.
While a new water-sharing deal was signed in January 2017, the government has still not yet announced the exact number of water-users in the country.
While the health industry is often seen as providing a “humanitarian” service to the poor people in need of it, it can also be seen as exploiting these people.
“Health care services can often be used for profit and can also exacerbate poverty in poor communities, especially in poor regions where access to care and services is often inadequate,” the authors of the report write.
The WHO’s World Health Report 2017 highlights the “disparities in access to affordable, quality health care” and that these inequalities “are particularly pronounced in the developing world”.
The global report also noted that some health-related diseases have become “major public health issues” and highlight the “widespread use of unnecessary, unregulated and unsafe healthcare products”.
In 2017, an increasing number of states have implemented “universal healthcare” plans.
This was seen in countries like Kenya and India, which have implemented similar schemes, and in countries such as India, where a “medical negligence” charge has been added to health bills for people who fail to provide their medicines.
Even in the